Residence Permit In Turkey

Who Needs a Turkey Residence Permit

The application process for a residence permit in Turkey is relevant to anyone who wants to stay in the country for more than 90 days at a time. A residence permit enables you to live in Turkey, study, get married, convert to Turkish drivers’ license, get tax number, open a bank account, purchase property, make investments, and much more.
If your purpose of moving to Turkey is working, you will only need a work permit, which also serves as a residence permit.
If a foreigner owns property in Turkey, he/she gets residence permit which is renewed every 1 year if he/she keeps the ownership.

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Visa types granted by Turkey are; 

1- TOURIST/BUSINESSPERSON 

a) Touristic Visit 
b) Single Transit 
c) Double Transit 
d) Business Meeting/Commerce 
e) Conference/Seminar/Meeting 
f) Festival/Fair/Exhibition 
g) Sportive Activity 
h) Cultural Artistic Activity 
i) Official Visit 
j) Visit to Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus 

2- OFFICIAL VISA 

a) Assigned for duty 

b) Courier 

 

3- STUDENT – EDUCATION VISA 

a) Internship Visa 
b) Internship ERASMUS 
c) Internship AISEC 
d) Turkish Language Course Purpose 
e) Course Purpose 
f) Education Purpose 
g) Education in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus 

4- WORKING VISA 

a) Employment Purpose/Special Employment Purpose 
b) Assigned Lecturers/Academics 
c) Assigned Sportsperson 
d) Assigned Artists 
e) Assigned Free Zone Workers 
f) Assigned Journalists 
g) Montage and Repairman Purposes 

5- OTHER VISAS 

a) Archaeological Excavation, Exploration Purpose 
b) Documentary Purpose 
c) Tour Operator Representative 
d) Medical Treatment Purposes 
e) Accompaniment Purpose 
f) Family Unification Purpose 
g) Freight Vısa 
h) Seafarer Visa 

Residence Permit Types
Residence permit types in Turkey are divided into (6) main categories, depending on the purpose of the stay.
Short-Term Residence Permit
1.1. Touristic Residence Permit
1.2. Business Residence Permit
1.3. Residence Permit by Buying a Property Worth Less than 250.000 USD

DESCRIPTION:
a) Foreigners who come to Turkey for scientific research.
b) Foreigners who own immovable property in Turkey.
c) Foreigners who come to Turkey for business relations or opening business.
d) Foreigners who come to Turkey for in-service-training
e) Foreigners who come to Turkey as a part of international student exchange programs or in line with international agreements in which Turkey stands as a party.
f) Foreigners who come to Turkey for tourist purposes.
g) Foreigners who come to Turkey for medical treatment except from those whose illness might cause a threat to the public health.
h) Foreigners who need to stay in Turkey due to requests or decisions of judicial or administrative bodies.
i) Foreigners who seek transition from Family residence permit to Short-term residence permit.
j) Foreigners who come to Turkey to attend Turkish Language Courses might be granted with short-term residence permit at most two times.
k) Foreigners who come to Turkey for training, research, internship or traineeship purposes through Turkish Public Institutions might be granted with short-term residence permit at most one time and not more than for one year.

2. Long-Term Residence Permit
A foreigner may be eligible for Long Term Residence Permit for indefinite period of time, if having resided in Turkey legally and uninterruptedly for 5 years with a valid residence permit. However those foreigners who are classified as refugees and conditional refugees or foreigners who own residence permits for humanitarian purposes or who are under temporary protection are not eligible to apply for Long Term Residence Permits. Additionally in order to be eligible for Long Term Residence Permit foreigners also need to meet with the following criteria.

NOT:
They
Should not be granted with Social Help within the last three years,
Should have adequate and regular resources for personal or family livelihood,
Should have a valid health insurance,
Should not be considered as a threat to public order and security.
In the case of staying outside Turkey for any reasons except from health, education and compulsory public service for more than one year, Long Term Residence Permit might be cancelled.

3.Accompany Family Residence Permit (Marriage)
Family Residence Permit is granted to the foreign spouse and/or foreign children who are under statutory age and dependent foreign children of foreigners who have valid residence permits, foreigners who own secondary-protection status, refugees and people who lost Turkish citizenship by obtaining renunciation permit. Family residence permits will be issued at most for a term of two years on each application. In the case of marriage with more than one partner, only one partner might be granted with Family Residence Permits. However children from the other partners are granted with Family residence permit. In addition, both partners of marriage should be aged 18 years old or above. In granting Family Residence Permit to the children, if dual guardianship is exists, consent of father or mother who also has parental right is needed.
In order to be eligible for a Family Residence Permit the following conditions should also be met.
to reside in Turkey at least one year with valid residence permit
to have monthly income not less than the Turkish minimum wage which is also no less than one third of minimum wage per household members,
to have suitable accommodation conditions in Turkey in line with general health and security,
to have medical insurance which covers all household members,
to prove not convicted with any domestic violence or similar crimes within 5 years prior to the application date and
to be registered with Turkish Address Registration System.

4.Student Residence Permit
Student residence permit is granted to those foreigners who will be enrolled to graduate, undergraduate or two years associate programs in the Turkish higher education institutions. Foreigners who will study in primary or secondary education programs, with the consent of their parents, might be granted with student residence permit at most for one year period on each application. Student residence permit does not grant any rights about residence permits of parents and other relatives of the foreign students. The period of student residence permit can not exceed the duration of education.
With the entry into force of new Law on Foreigners and International Protection, foreign students can work in Turkey legally after obtaining a work permit. However foreign students who are enrolled in undergraduate or two years associate programs can start working in Turkey after completing their first year of study. Moreover only for foreign students who are enrolled in two years associate programs, their working hours can not exceed 24 hours per week. Applications of foreigners who are subjected to  deportation or entry ban decisions will be rejected.

5. Humanitarian Residence Permit
In the following circumstances Humanitarian Residence Permit might be granted at most for one year. Residence permit on humanitarian grounds can be extended.
a) If the highest interest of a child is in question
b)In case that the departure of a foreigner from Turkey is not reasonable and possible, even if the foreigner is subjected to deportation or entry ban decision.
c) If the deportation decision may not be taken into consideration due to provisions of article 55 of the Law on Foreigners and International Protection.
d) During the legal actions taken against deportation decisions or not allowed international protection applications.
e) During the returning process of international protection applicants to the country of first asylum or third safe country.
f) For those foreigners allowed entering Turkey for the sake of state interests or public order and public security (if the grounds for applying another type of residence permit is not available)
g) In exceptional circumstances.
Holders of Humanitarian Residence Permit should register themselves to the Address Registration System within 20 days after they are granted the residence permit. 


6. Residence Permit for Victims of Human Trafficking
A foreigner who is victim of an offence related to Human Trafficking might be granted with 30 days a valid residence permit for reflection and for him or her to decide whether to take action against the perpetrator(s) of the offence.  Residence permits for the Victims of Human Trafficking might be extended at most 6 months each time, however extensions can not exceed three years in total.
As per article 125 of the New Law, except from the provisions regarding the establishment of the General Directorate of Migration Management under section 5, all the other provisions shall enter into force one year after the publication date.

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